世卫组织积极倡导中国儿童接种麻疹、乙肝疫苗

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世卫组织积极倡导中国儿童接种麻疹、乙肝疫苗

    卫生部 世界卫生组织 联合新闻发布会背景材料之六

中华人民共和国卫生部

    中华人民共和国,北京—世界卫生组织今天大力倡导中国家长,通过分别接种麻疹和乙肝疫苗来避免孩子过早死亡和罹患慢性肝病。 
    在4月25日的“全国预防接种宣传日”到来之前,世卫组织星期四与卫生部联合举办了新闻发布会,并做出了这一呼吁。今年的主题是“消除麻疹,控制乙肝,你我共参与”。 
    尽管有安全、实惠、有效的疫苗,麻疹仍是造成全球婴幼儿死亡的主要原因之一。世卫组织估计,2000年,这种具有高度传染性的病毒性疾病造成全球73.3万人死亡。2000至2008年间,通过接种麻疹疫苗,全世界的麻疹相关死亡下降了78%。  
    “中国坚定地致力于消除麻疹工作”,世卫组织驻华代表处扩大免疫规划(EPI)组组长Lisa Cairns博士说。“2010年的全国性接种活动将帮助中国阻断麻疹的传播。开展这次活动的决定是与世卫组织磋商后、借鉴了其他国家的成功经验后做出的。” 
    乙肝是另一种儿童幼时感染的病毒性疾病。乙肝通过接触感染者的血液或其他体液而传播;它让肝脏慢慢受到损害,导致严重疾病,并可能在成年时造成死亡。中国自1992年以来开展了大规模的免疫活动,使得该病在较小的孩子中几乎完全消失。  
    关于中国扩大免疫规划的总体情况,Cairns博士赞扬了中国免费向所有儿童提供预防12种疾病的疫苗。预防另外3种疾病的疫苗对某些高危人群是免费的。  
    “中国还努力提高国产疫苗的安全性和质量”。她还补充说,同所有药物一样,接种疫苗也可能偶然导致不良反应。对不良反应开展强有力的监管和监督,对记录疫苗的安全性和发现可能发生的任何异常事件,至关重要。 
    Cairns博士最后说,“接种疫苗所带来的好处远远超过其不良反应的弊端”;她呼吁每个人都采纳相关的免疫接种建议,以便使疫苗为社会带来最大的效益。
 
WHO urges China's children to vaccinate against measles, hepatitis B
 
BEIJING, People's Republic of China – The World Health Organization today urged Chinese parents to protect their children against early death and long-term liver problems by taking up measles and hepatitis B vaccination respectively.
 
The appeal was made at a joint press briefing with the Ministry of Health on Thursday, ahead of China's National Immunization Day on 25 April. This year's theme is, "You and Me Together – Measles Elimination and Hepatitis B Control".
 
Globally, measles is a leading cause of death among young children even though a safe and cost-effective vaccine exists. WHO estimates that the highly contagious viral disease caused 733,000 deaths worldwide in 2000. Between 2000 and 2008, measles vaccination resulted in a 78% decline in measles-related deaths around the world.
 
"China is strongly committed to eliminating measles," said Dr Lisa Cairns, who heads the Expanded Programme for Immunization (EPI) team at WHO China. "In 2010, a vaccination campaign throughout the country will help China to stop transmission of measles. The decision to conduct this campaign was taken in consultation with WHO and is based on the success of similar national campaigns in other countries."
 
Hepatitis B is another viral infection that children can get early in life. Transmitted through contact with the blood or other bodily fluids of an infected person, it damages the liver slowly and leads to severe disease and potentially death in adulthood. In China, large-scale immunization since 1992 has caused the disease to almost disappear among younger children.
 
Looking at China's Expanded Immunization Programme as a whole, Dr Cairns commended the provision of free vaccines to all children to prevent 12 diseases. Vaccines against three other diseases are available free of charge for certain high-risk groups.
 
"China has also made many efforts to increase the safety and quality of its vaccines," she said, adding that as with all medications, use of vaccines can lead to adverse events on very rare occasions. Strong regulation and monitoring of adverse events are important to document the safety of vaccines and detect any unusual event that might occur.
 
Dr Cairns concluded, "The benefit provided by the use of vaccines far outweighs the burden of these adverse events," and called for everyone to heed vaccination recommendations in order for vaccines to benefit public health as much as possible.
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