目前我国儿童免费接种的疫苗有哪些?

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答:《预防接种工作规范》中包括的我国免疫规划疫苗,即免费接种的疫苗。儿童自出生后至1周岁,几乎每个月都要接种疫苗,为了帮助家长记忆,下面是按照儿童出生月龄排列的免费接种疫苗种类:

出生月龄              疫苗种类                            可预防的疾病

出生时                  乙肝疫苗第1                            乙肝

                        卡介苗 1                               结核病

1                     乙肝疫苗第2                            乙肝

2                     脊灰减毒活疫苗第1                      脊灰

3                     脊灰减毒活疫苗第2                      脊灰

                        百白破联合疫苗第1                      百日咳、白喉、破伤风

4                     脊灰减毒活疫苗第3                      脊灰

                        百白破联合疫苗第2                      百日咳、白喉、破伤风

5                     百白破联合疫苗第3                      百日咳、白喉、破伤风

6                     乙肝疫苗第3                            乙肝

8                     麻风联合疫苗 1                         麻疹、风疹

                        或麻疹疫苗 1   

                        乙脑减毒活疫苗第1剂,                    乙脑

                        或乙脑灭活疫苗    

                        12剂(2剂间隔710天)        

618                 A群脑膜炎球菌多糖疫苗                    A群流脑

                        12剂(2剂间隔≥3个月)

1824                百白破联合疫苗第4                      百日咳、白喉、破伤风
                            麻腮风联合疫苗 1                       麻疹、流行性腮腺炎、风疹

                        或麻腮联合疫苗 1   

                        或麻疹疫苗第2         

18                    甲肝减毒活疫苗 1剂,                     甲肝

                        或甲肝灭活疫苗第1

       2 乙脑减毒活疫苗第2剂,                乙脑

                        或乙脑灭活疫苗第3         

2岁~2岁半              甲肝灭活疫苗第2                        甲肝

3                     AC群脑膜炎球菌多糖疫苗第1            A群流脑、C群流脑

4                     脊灰减毒活疫苗第4                      脊灰

6                     白破联合疫苗 1                         白喉、破伤风

                        AC群脑膜炎球菌多糖疫苗第2            A群流脑、C群流脑

                        乙脑灭活疫苗第4                        乙脑

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